Protected Areas


 Areas Protected

 33,242 km2


Terrestrial and Inland Water


Not Available

Area protected, as per WDPA

Area protected, as per country reports

Coastal and Marine Coverage


Not Available

Area protected, as per WDPA

Area protected, as per country reports

Key species

Madagascar is estimated to have between 13,000 and 14,000 plant species, 80% of which are endemic. Endemism is particularly high amongst baobabs, palm trees, and orchids, including six of the world’s eight species of baobab. Likewise, mammals also display a high level of endemism, particularly amongst lemurs and other primates. Madagascar is home to many different species of birds.

Pressures and Threats

The major threats to Madagascar’s biodiversity include: deforestation and forest degradation; illegal exploitation of natural resources, including timber, as well as many terrestrial and marine species; the impact of alien invasive species and disease; as well as environmental impacts from extractive industries such as mining. Climate change remains a short and long-term threat to Madagascar’s ecosystems, particularly marine ecosystems.

Marine Protected areas:

  • Nosy Hara National Park: MNP
  • Ankivonjy Protected Area: WCS
  • Ankarea Protected Area: CI
  • Ambodivahibe Protected Area: CI
  • Lokobe National Park: MNP
  • Nosy Tanikely National Park: MNO

Terrestrial Protected Areas:

  • Makira Natural Park: WCS
  • Isalo National Park: MNP
  • Montagne d’Ambre National Park: MNP
  • Analamazaotra National Park: MNP
  • Maromizaha Protected Area: GERP
  • Analalava Special Reserve: MBG
  • Andringitra National Park: MNP
  • Mantadia National Park: MNP
  • Complexe Zone Humide Mangoky Ihotry : ASITY
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