Protected Areas

 157

 Areas Protected

 33,242 km2

 

Terrestrial and Inland Water

5.59%

Not Available

Area protected, as per WDPA

Area protected, as per country reports

Coastal and Marine Coverage

0.75%

Not Available

Area protected, as per WDPA

Area protected, as per country reports

Key species

Madagascar is estimated to have between 13,000 and 14,000 plant species, 80% of which are endemic. Endemism is particularly high amongst baobabs, palm trees, and orchids, including six of the world’s eight species of baobab. Likewise, mammals also display a high level of endemism, particularly amongst lemurs and other primates. Madagascar is home to many different species of birds.

Pressures and Threats

The major threats to Madagascar’s biodiversity include: deforestation and forest degradation; illegal exploitation of natural resources, including timber, as well as many terrestrial and marine species; the impact of alien invasive species and disease; as well as environmental impacts from extractive industries such as mining. Climate change remains a short and long-term threat to Madagascar’s ecosystems, particularly marine ecosystems.

Marine Protected areas:

  • Nosy Hara National Park: MNP
  • Ankivonjy Protected Area: WCS
  • Ankarea Protected Area: CI
  • Ambodivahibe Protected Area: CI
  • Lokobe National Park: MNP
  • Nosy Tanikely National Park: MNO

Terrestrial Protected Areas:

  • Makira Natural Park: WCS
  • Isalo National Park: MNP
  • Montagne d’Ambre National Park: MNP
  • Analamazaotra National Park: MNP
  • Maromizaha Protected Area: GERP
  • Analalava Special Reserve: MBG
  • Andringitra National Park: MNP
  • Mantadia National Park: MNP
  • Complexe Zone Humide Mangoky Ihotry : ASITY
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