Protected Areas

 157

 Areas Protected

 33,242 km2

 

Terrestrial and Inland Water

5.59%

Not Available

Area protected, as per WDPA

Area protected, as per country reports

Coastal and Marine Coverage

0.75%

Not Available

Area protected, as per WDPA

Area protected, as per country reports

Key species

Madagascar is estimated to have between 13,000 and 14,000 plant species, 80% of which are endemic. Endemism is particularly high amongst baobabs, palm trees, and orchids, including six of the world’s eight species of baobab. Likewise, mammals also display a high level of endemism, particularly amongst lemurs and other primates. Madagascar is home to many different species of birds.

Pressures and Threats

The major threats to Madagascar’s biodiversity include: deforestation and forest degradation; illegal exploitation of natural resources, including timber, as well as many terrestrial and marine species; the impact of alien invasive species and disease; as well as environmental impacts from extractive industries such as mining. Climate change remains a short and long-term threat to Madagascar’s ecosystems, particularly marine ecosystems.

Protected and conserved areas designated as global sites of importance

Global designation

Number of sites

UNESCO Man and Biosphere Reserves

3

UNESCO World Heritage Sites (Natural or Mixed)

2

Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar sites)

20

 Source ((Ramsar, 2019; UNESCO, 2019a, 2019b)

 

Priority areas for conservation

Designation

Number of sites

Alliance for Zero Extinction sites

50

Important Bird & Biodiversity Areas

74

Key Biodiversity Areas

227

 (AZE Secretariat, 2019; BirdLife International, 2019c, 2019a)

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