Protected Areas


Areas Protected

- 173 km2 Land
- 37 km2 Ocean

Terrestrial and Inland Water



Area protected, as per WDPA

Area protected, as per country reports

Coastal and Marine Coverage


Not Available

Area protected, as per WDPA

Area protected, as per country reports

Key species

Ninety-six bird species have been recorded in Comoros, of which 33 are threatened. The Union of the Comoros is home to a number of threatened mammals, including the endemic Comoros rousette (Rousettus obliviosus), the mongoose lemur (Eulemur mongoz), the endemic Livingstone’s flying fox (Pteropus livingstonii), the dugong (Dugong dugon), the humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) and the tailess tenrec (Tenrec ecaudatus). 

More than 1,200 insect species have been recorded in the Comoros and at least 16 plants species are threatened with extinction. Two species of amphibian and 29 reptiles have also been recorded. The two amphibian species and 14 of the 29 terrestrial reptiles are endemic. A number of the reptiles are threatened with extinction. A number of species of marine turtles also nest in the Comoros, and their conservation status is improving.

Comoros has eight protected areas covering 173 km2 of land and 37 km2 of the ocean (UNEP-WCMC & IUCN, 2019d). Terrestrial and inland areas in protected areas remain small and are not connected in ecologically representative protected areas networks.

Protected and conserved areas designated as global sites of importance

Global designation

Number of sites

UNESCO Man and Biosphere Reserves


UNESCO World Heritage Sites (Natural or Mixed)


Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar sites)


 Source ((Ramsar, 2019; UNESCO, 2019a, 2019b)


Priority areas for conservation


Number of sites

Alliance for Zero Extinction sites


Important Bird & Biodiversity Areas


Key Biodiversity Areas


 (AZE Secretariat, 2019; BirdLife International, 2019c, 2019a)

Regional Reference Information System Comoros

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