Protected Areas


 Areas Protected

 - 170,662 km2 Land
 - 12,821 km2 Ocean

Terrestrial and Inland Water



Area protected, as per WDPA

Area protected, as per country reports

Coastal and Marine Coverage


Not Found

Area protected, as per WDPA

Area protected, as per country reports

Key species

The knowledge of Mozambique’s biodiversity remains low, but is improving. 4,271 terrestrial animal species have been recorded, 72% of which are represented by insects, birds by 17%, with only 5% mammals and amphibians remaining 2%.

The most recent assessment of plants indicates the occurrence of close to 6,000 species. Studies of endemic species are scarce, although there are two centres of plant endemism - in the Maputaland area and the Chimanimani.

Of the number of plant species recorded in Mozambique, about 800 species are endemic and nearly endemic.

The mountainous areas of Mozambique are relatively rich in endemic species with at least 45 species of plants that are only found in Chimanimani.


Protected and conserved areas in Mozambique70 Mozambique has 44 protected areas covering 170,662 km2 of the land and 12,821 km2 of the ocean (UNEP-WCMC & IUCN, 2019n). The terrestrial coverage of protected areas in the country has been increasing over the last 10 years.

Protected and conserved areas designated as global sites of importance

Global designation

Number of sites

UNESCO Man and Biosphere Reserves


UNESCO World Heritage Sites (Natural or Mixed)


Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar sites)


 Source ((Ramsar, 2019; UNESCO, 2019a, 2019b)


Priority areas for conservation


Number of sites

Alliance for Zero Extinction sites


Important Bird & Biodiversity Areas


Key Biodiversity Areas


 (AZE Secretariat, 2019; BirdLife International, 2019c, 2019a)

Regional Reference Information System Mozambique

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