Protected Areas

44

Areas Protected

- 97 km2 Land
- 50 km2 Ocean

 

Terrestrial and Inland Water

4.73%

4%

Area protected, as per WDPA

Area protected, as per country reports

 

Coastal and Marine Coverage

0.00%

0.01%

Area protected, as per WDPA

Area protected, as per country reports

 

Key species

Mauritius and Rodrigues are home to high levels of endemism amongst plants, reptiles, invertebrates and birds, although there have been several extinctions due to invasive species. There are 691 native flowering plants species of which 273 are endemic (150 endemic to the Mascarene Archipelago) in Mauritius and 150 native flowering plants species of which 47 are endemic (72 endemic to the Mascarene Archipelago) in Rodrigues.

Pressures and threats

Habitat clearance and invasive alien species have been the most significant threat to the biodiversity of Mauritius to date. Climate change and pollution have also caused pressure on the island’s ecosystems. Indirect drivers of biodiversity loss include demographic change, and socio-political factors, particularly funding and capacity for biodiversity conservation.

While the coverage of terrestrial protected areas remains unchanged since 2010, there has been a focus on restoration of native forests, and a large system o    f marine protected areas comprising fishing reserves, marine parks and marine reserves has been established in the waters around Mauritius and Rodrigues. Mauritius has also established a new paradigm for protected areas, fostering private sector involvement in ownership and management of protected areas.

Protected and conserved areas designated as global sites of importance

Global designation

Number of sites

UNESCO Man and Biosphere Reserves

1

UNESCO World Heritage Sites (Natural or Mixed)

0

Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar sites)

3

 Source ((Ramsar, 2019; UNESCO, 2019a, 2019b)

 

Priority areas for conservation

Designation

Number of sites

Alliance for Zero Extinction sites

2

Important Bird & Biodiversity Areas

16

Key Biodiversity Areas

18

 (AZE Secretariat, 2019; BirdLife International, 2019c, 2019a)

Regional Reference Information System Mauritius

This is a tool for Data and Information for

Protected Areas Management and Biodiversity Conservation

Click on the logo to explore and learn

Powered by Amazing-Templates.com 2014 - All Rights Reserved.