Protected Areas


 Areas Protected

 - 87,531 km2 Land
 - 24 km2 Ocean

Terrestrial and Inland Water



Area protected, as per WDPA

Area protected, as per country reports

Coastal and Marine Coverage

Not Applicable

Area protected or conserved,
as per WDPA

Key species 

Angola is home to an incredible diversity of habitats, and therefore also to a huge variety of species. Angola has 291 native species, most of which are from the orders Rodentia (85), Chiroptera (73), Carnivora (39), and Cetartiodactyla (33). There is a large number of endemic and near endemic species, most of which are rodents or bats. According to Angola’s Fifth National Report to the CBD, mammals of particular interest include the endemic giant sable (Hippotragus niger variani), the Western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla), the African manatee (Trichechus senegalensis), and the mountain zebra (Equus zebra). 

Pressures and threats 

Angola’s biodiversity is subject to many threats and pressures. The main pressures are from habitat due to subsistence agriculture, mining, infrastructure, deforestation for charcoal and timber, and a very high incidence of fires. Poaching, including for the bushmeat trade, is also a major threat. Overfishing, particularly of mackerel, has resulted in an annual four-month ban. Angola is in the process of updating its legislation, but implementation and enforcement are required. 

Protected and conserved areas designated as global sites of importance

Global designation

Number of sites

UNESCO Man and Biosphere Reserves


UNESCO World Heritage Sites (Natural or Mixed)


Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar sites)


 Source ((Ramsar, 2019; UNESCO, 2019a, 2019b)


Priority areas for conservation


Number of sites

Alliance for Zero Extinction sites


Important Bird & Biodiversity Areas


Key Biodiversity Areas


 (AZE Secretariat, 2019; BirdLife International, 2019c, 2019a)

Regional Reference Information System Angola

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Protected Areas Management and Biodiversity Conservation

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